ESL students have to learn twice as much as any other student in their class. And much to our dismay as educators, they master the social language before the academic. What we can do is change our teaching to address this! I found this wonderfully short snippet of how a student may progress through vocabulary development. Each stage offers a few examples. 5 Stages of Vocabulary Development
“What CAN my level 2 ESL student accomplish?!” Of course not one size fits all, however the WIDA Can Do descriptors are an excellent tool for trying to understand what a given level ESL student can do. Just as teachers have standards to teach and assess, ESL teachers do, too. Click on the link to find out more on WIDA.